9 things you can know about the Legal System of Cambodia

In the current legal system in Cambodia, the hierarchy of laws and regulations is understood as below

1)- The Constitution: The supreme Law of the Kingdom of Cambodia
2)- Treaties and convention: According to Article 26 of the constitution, the King shall sign and ratify international treaties both multilateral and bilateral, and conventions, following the approval of the National Assembly and Senate. After such ratification, international treaties (both multilateral and bilateral) and conventions shall become laws and maybe used as the basis for judicial decisions.
3)- Law (Chbab): Law adopted by the National Assembly
4)- Royal Kram (Preah reach Kram) and Royal Decree (Preah Reach Kret): To be issued under the name of the King for executing his constitutional powers.
5)- Sub-Decree (Anu Kret): To be signed by the prime minister after adoption by the Cabinet Meeting. In case the sub-decree has not adopted by the Cabinet meeting, countersignature by the minister(s) in charge shall be required. The Prime Minister can use this in exercising his own regulatory powers.

6)- Ministerial Order (Prakas): To be issued by members of the government in exercising their own regulatory powers
7)- Decision (Sachkdei Samrach): Individual decision of the Prime Minister and decision (Prakas Deika) of a Minister of a Governor, which is used in exercising his own regulatory powers.
8)- Circular (Sorachor): In general, to be issued by the Prime Minister as head of government, and by a minister as an official of the ministry either to explain or clarify certain legal   regulatory measures or to provide instructions.
9)- Provincial Deika (Arrete): To be used by a provincial governor within the geographical limits of his province.

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